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Where are useful message constructors, converters

asked 2013-07-31 01:01:37 -0500

nevik gravatar image

updated 2014-01-28 17:17:29 -0500

ngrennan gravatar image

I'm relatively new to coding in/for ROS, and I'm looking at both the Python and the C++ side, but let's focus on C++ here.

There are all those useful classes (which are mappings of the ROS message types), like Pose, Twist, etc. But where are the related utility functions?

I mean, by what I've found so far, if I want to construct a Pose object, I have to:

geometry_msgs::Pose p;
p.position.x = MYXVAL;
p.position.x = MYYVAL;
p.position.x = MYZVAL;
p.orientation.x = ORXVAL;
p.orientation.y = ORYVAL;
p.orientation.z = ORZVAL;
p.orientation.w = ORWVAL;

Why can't I just do:

geometry_msgs::Pose p(geometry_msgs::Point(MYXVAL, MYYVAL, MYZVAL), geometry_msgs::Quaternion(ORXVAL, ORYVAL, ORZVAL, ORWVAL));

(which would of course be even shorter with the proper includes and using namespace declaration).

And where are my usual utility functions, like Vector3<->Quaternion or maybe Twist(Position+Facing)<->Pose(Position+Orientation)?

I could write the convenience constructors (which one would expect to be provided) myself, of course, but that's not the point of using a library like ROS/roscpp.

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answered 2013-07-31 04:16:13 -0500

thebyohazard gravatar image

You might need to upgrade to a newer ROS version. This ticket says that copy constructors have been available for a while.

Anyway, ROS C++ message classes are auto-generated from *.msg files. See the genmsg package. The generator can't insert convenience functions to convert to and from related message types because it doesn't know what's related and what's not. You'd have to write that yourself.

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While I can see that the code generator cannot add semantically meaningful conversion functions, I'd expect some kind of constructor that takes a list of all attributes, like in the case of a Point: `Point(x, y, z)`. Naturally, I *can* create them, but I'd prefer not to :/

nevik gravatar image nevik  ( 2013-07-31 23:23:48 -0500 )edit

Right. And those constructors *should* be available. Point(1,2,3) is even one of the test cases referenced in the ticket I linked. If you're on the current version of ROS and you cannot use Point(1,2,3), it's a bug and the ticket needs to be refiled.

thebyohazard gravatar image thebyohazard  ( 2013-08-01 03:17:06 -0500 )edit

That does not seem to work on Fuerte, unfortunately. Due to certain dependencies which don't work (out of the box) with newer ROS version, I cannot currently upgrade to a newer version, sadly. I'll be looking into that though, and hopefully get it done.

nevik gravatar image nevik  ( 2013-08-01 03:26:52 -0500 )edit

answered 2015-08-12 19:45:31 -0500

kwiesz91 gravatar image

updated 2015-08-12 19:48:13 -0500

Actually (in regards to your first point), after a couple frustrating hours, I do not believe that this is implemented in the roscpp client libraries. Check out this issue: . I do not believe they are planning on implementing it either...

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Asked: 2013-07-31 01:01:37 -0500

Seen: 9,434 times

Last updated: Aug 12 '15