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2D map from Octomap

asked 2012-02-11 19:58:15 -0500

jwrobbo gravatar image

updated 2014-01-28 17:11:20 -0500

ngrennan gravatar image

I would like to use an octomap generated from RGBDSLAM to produce a 2d map that I can use with the navigation stack. The advantage of this approach vs a fake (or real) laser scanner is that it would not require separate odometry information or for the sensor to remain level. It seems that Octomap already produces a 2D map but this includes features at every height "pancaked" onto the map. Is there a way to simply take a slice through the 3d map at a particular z value?

Many thanks,


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answered 2012-03-26 06:53:42 -0500

jwrobbo gravatar image

Thanks Felix,

Found another way around it in the end, though possibly less efficient than your approach. The first thing I found out was that octomap server accepts min and max z values just as parameters so by adding

param name="occupancy_min_z" value="-0.5"

param name="occupancy_max_z" value="0.5"

to the launch file I got a cut down octomap, which then gave a sensible 2d map. Quite nice having the 3D map as well though, for visualisation if nothing else and I'd rather not run 2 octomap_servers, so I had a look through OctomapServer.cpp and edited the 2d map stuff so that it only adds to the occupancy grid if the point is within a certain z range:

void OctomapServer::handleOccupiedNode(const OcTreeROS::OcTreeType::iterator& it){
// update 2D map (occupied always overrides):
if (m_publish2DMap){
octomap::point3d curpoint;
  m_octoMap->octree.genCoords(nKey, m_treeDepth, curpoint);
if (curpoint.z() > -0.5 && curpoint.z() < 0.5){[*j + i] = 100;
  } else{ ..........///same thing here
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From the code, I think that if you want to cut down on the amount of world octomap models you can use pointcloud_min_z.

kotoko gravatar image kotoko  ( 2016-11-29 05:10:38 -0500 )edit

answered 2012-03-26 02:41:57 -0500

If you want to code something up, I'd recommend to write a node listening to rgbdslam's output topic, pass-through-filtering it to exclude floor and ceiling and otherwise just omit the z coordinate and render the 2D points to an image.

Would be an efficient way to go and should be coded in a day or two.

Things to keep in mind: rgbdslam has no notion of up and down, its Z axis is the up vector of the kinect in the first frame, because by default it takes the /openni_camera frame of the first image as the origin.

Regards, Felix

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In this case, do we need to write the subscriber and the publisher in the same node?

Sudhan gravatar image Sudhan  ( 2012-09-17 03:18:18 -0500 )edit

Not sure if I understand. The node could subscribe to rgbdslam's batch_cloud, possibly transform it to another frame, then filter and downproject it. Depending on how you want to use it, you could publish it, but I guess the general use case is to save the image and a .yaml as a map

Felix Endres gravatar image Felix Endres  ( 2012-09-23 06:38:56 -0500 )edit

Now I have a dense pointcloud and octomap, But I don't know how to navigate with them, Do you know how to transfer octomap to 2D map so that it can be used to navigate in ros?

qinyingying gravatar image qinyingying  ( 2018-07-17 03:32:54 -0500 )edit

answered 2012-03-22 06:21:54 -0500

Mac gravatar image

OctoMap has iterators for traversing the tree; I suggest using one of those, and ignoring those voxels that have the wrong z-value.

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Asked: 2012-02-11 19:58:15 -0500

Seen: 4,699 times

Last updated: Mar 26 '12