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How to move to a certain point in space using Twist /cmd_vel

asked 2017-10-18 11:43:44 -0500

jb95 gravatar image

Hi, I'm a beginner and I'm struggling to make my robot move to a certain point. How should I set the angular and linear velocity for my robot to move to a certain point ? For example, if my robot initial position is (0,0), what angular and linear velocity should I use for it to go to (5,5) ?

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answered 2017-11-05 17:12:07 -0500

Ed Venator gravatar image

I suggest you follow the ROS Navigation Tutorials, which will walk you through setting up a full navigation stack on your robot. This is much more involved than the simple node that BhanuKiran.Chaluvadi suggested, but you'll end up with a highly capable path planning system that can handle obstacles once you add sensors.

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answered 2017-11-06 03:47:59 -0500

R. Tellez gravatar image

Hi, what you are talking about is called Robot navigation, that is, the ability of the robot to go from one place to another.

Then, in order to achieve that, you need to decide at least the following three things:

  1. In which frame are you measuring the coordinates (0,0) and (5,5)?
  2. Do you need to have obstacle avoidance (that is, avoid any obstacle that may appear between (0,0) and (5,5) when your robot is moving towards the end location)?
  3. Is it the location where the robot moves known or unknown?

Let's assume the simplest answer to the questions above:

  1. We are measuring the coordinates in the odometry frame (I'm assuming you know what odometry is). The problem with this frame is that has a sift (an error) which increases over time. But for your example is good enough.
  2. Let's say, there are no obstacles in the path. Hence, we do not have to implement an obstacle avoidance algorithm like potential fields or else.
  3. Let's say it is and unknown environment, of which we are not going to build a map.

Even if this is a very simple setup, that setup can be used, for example, to move the robot to the position of a detected target. Imagine that the robot has a camera and a program that detects people. Then, once the program detects a person in 5 meters in front of the robot, it means that the robot can go to the person location using that simple framework we defined in the questions above.

Now, you need to built a controller that converts the distances from the current position AND orientation of the robot into velocity commands that are sent to the /cmd_vel of the robot to make it move towards the location. That controller can be built in many ways.

A simple controller to do that would be the following:

  1. If the robot (odometry) orientation is not towards the target, then rotate only the robot until its orientation is towards the target.

    speed = Twist()
    speed.linear.x = 0.0
    speed.angular.z = 0.2
  2. Once the robot is headed towards the target, just move straight towards the goal until reached

    speed = Twist()
    speed.linear.x = 0.5
    speed.angular.z = 0.0

I have created this video that shows how that controller works with a Husky robot in a Gazebo simulated environment.

More complex controllers can be implemented that optimize the time to reach the goal, or other factors like moving faster when far away from goal and moving slower when getting closer.

In case you want to make the robot include obstacle avoidance, navigation in bigger environments of which a map can be built, then you need to use the Navigation Stack of ROS which includes all that (and more). Check this video tutorial for a good overview of what the ROS Navigation stack can do.

Hope it helps, and welcome to the robot navigation world!

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Thank you for reply but could you edit your last link? Because it refers to your personal youtube information.

kenhero gravatar image kenhero  ( 2018-05-09 07:45:06 -0500 )edit

answered 2017-10-18 13:42:42 -0500

BhanuKiran.Chaluvadi gravatar image

updated 2017-10-18 13:44:00 -0500

One Idea: Subscribe to current pose topic and publish to /cmd_vel.

Using your current robot pose and desired pose you can write a simple P controller. Based on how far they are apart and how your reference frame of you robot.

Random example:

geometry_msgs::Twist twist_;
twist_.linear.x = 2.0; // or based on distance between(current pose, desired pose)
twist_.linear.y = 0.0;
twist_.linear.z = 0.0;
twist_.angular.x = 0.0;
twist_.angular.y = 0.0;
twist_.angular.z = -pGain*sin();
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Asked: 2017-10-18 11:43:44 -0500

Seen: 5,973 times

Last updated: Nov 06 '17