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How to have topics publish and subscribe both ways between host and docker container?

asked 2018-07-25 07:38:14 -0600

GeorgeMD gravatar image

updated 2018-07-25 09:27:34 -0600

I have roscore running in docker. I have a bunch of topics, some are started by nodes inside the docker container, some are outside of the container, on host. I need some of these topics to subscribe to eachother. I can subscribe from host to topics that are inside docker and I can echo what's being published to them. But in the container I can't echo topics that are published on host.

For example, what I can do:
Inside docker: rostopic pub /dummy std_msgs/String "data: 'dummy text'" -r 10
On host: rostopic echo /dummy and I see dummy text being printed

What I can't do:
On host: rostopic pub /dummy std_msgs/String "data: 'dummy text'" -r 10
Inside docker: rostopic echo /dummy dummy text should be printed, but nothing is coming out

What I have tried:

  • --net=host, -e ROS_IP= and -e ROS_MASTER_URI= in in docker run which made the first part work (publish topic in docker and echo from host)
  • modifiy /etc/hosts in docker container and on host
  • all sorts of combinations for ROS_IP, ROS_MASTER_URI and ROS_HOSTNAME
  • running roscore on host and setting ROS_IP, ROS_MASTER_URI and ROS_HOSTNAME accordingly

rostopic list works fine on host and in docker no matter where roscore runs. I can ping host from docker and vice versa. I also tested with netcat, both ways works fine, yet topics don't want to send data from host to docker.

In docker I have ros indigo (I can't decide what ros version is used) and on host I have melodic (I can install indigo if anyone thinks that might a problem).

By using --net=host, ROS_IP= and ROS_MASTER_URI=http://localhost:11311 and running the subscriber from docker before the publisher from host I got it working. But this means subscriber must always run before publisher for my scripts to work.

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What are the values for ROS_MASTER_URI and ROS_IP or ROS_HOSTNAME on the host machine? Normally this kind of issue is caused by a problem with the ROS_IP variable at one side or other.

Michael Johnson gravatar image Michael Johnson  ( 2018-07-26 09:14:02 -0600 )edit

See the UPDATE, ROS_MASTER_URI=http://localhost:11311 and ROS_IP= on host. And in docker, where I start roscore ROS_MASTER_URI is the same. I also start docker with --net=host.

GeorgeMD gravatar image GeorgeMD  ( 2018-07-27 03:09:48 -0600 )edit

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answered 2018-07-25 14:54:09 -0600

ruffsl gravatar image

updated 2021-11-11 17:48:56 -0600

shonigmann gravatar image

Using --net=host is indeed perhaps the simplest way of enabling ROS nodes across containers and host to easily communicate. Note that you will lose some degree of isolation for your containers given they would then share all the same network interfaces as the host. However, this allows the containers to communicate over the host's local loopback interface, avoiding the need to override any the default ROS URI IP environment variables on either the host or container.

Here is an older but related question that addresses the same issue. Note however this question predates Docker v17.06 when the the host network driver was introduced, and thus approaches the issue differently. Had the host network driver existed, I would have just as well settled using that instead:

Side note: you should probably use the same distribution of ROS across all your nodes for compatibility, given that message types or minor APIs may have changed, resulting in more frustrating or subtle issues during run time.

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I marked this as the answer as it's true that only --net=host is what solved it after all. I left ROS_MASTER_URI and ROS_IP to the defaults. The only extra thing is I have to run subscriber first (inside docker) and publisher after (on host).

GeorgeMD gravatar image GeorgeMD  ( 2018-07-27 03:11:37 -0600 )edit

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Asked: 2018-07-25 07:38:14 -0600

Seen: 3,320 times

Last updated: Nov 11 '21