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ROS2 : How to call a service from the callback function of a subscriber ?

asked 2018-08-30 04:38:04 -0600

Marc Testier gravatar image

updated 2018-08-30 04:49:45 -0600


This question is actually related to :

But I wrote a minimal example and wanted to have your feedback on how to fix this.

So I'm using ROS2 Bouncy, built from source on Ubuntu 18.04. I have a node that subscribe to a topic and in the callback function of the sub, I get stuck if I try to rclpy.spin_once(self).

I wrote a minimal package to show the problem, which can be found here :

I was actually trying to call a service from the callback function but got stuck when doing rclpy.spin_until_future_complete(node, future) to get the answer form the service.

So any idea how to call a service from the callback function of a subscriber ?? Maybe threads ??


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answered 2018-08-30 21:12:20 -0600

Marc Testier gravatar image

Here is the solution proposed by @codebot to call a service from the callback of a sub :

Here is what he said about the solution though :

The key issue is that calling a service synchronously from within a subscriber callback is usually not a good design, because it's possible that the inbound messages will be coming more quickly than the service can process them, which could result in an uncontrolled message queue forming. The general pattern is that topic callbacks should be "fast".

Anyway, if you still want to try :

To accomplish this in rclpy, we can asynchronously issue the service request. Then in the main spin() loop, we can look at the array of futures and, whenever one is completed, we can read its result.

So the way I threw that together will also result in an unbounded request queue if the inbound message stream is coming really fast and the service is slow but you could control that by looking at the length of self.client_futures and not adding to it if it's already larger than some threshold.

#!/usr/bin/env python3
import sys

import rclpy
from rclpy.node import Node
from std_msgs.msg import String
from test_msgs.srv import Empty

class SubscriberClientAsync(Node):

    def __init__(self):
        self.client = self.create_client(Empty, 'service')
        self.sub = self.create_subscription(String, 'topic', self.topic_cb)
        self.client_futures = []

    def topic_cb(self, msg):

    def spin(self):
        while rclpy.ok():
            incomplete_futures = []
            for f in self.client_futures:
                if f.done():
                    res = f.result()
                    print("received service result: {}".format(res))
            self.client_futures = incomplete_futures

if __name__ == '__main__':
    node = SubscriberClientAsync()
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Asked: 2018-08-30 04:38:04 -0600

Seen: 790 times

Last updated: Aug 30 '18