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When should I use diagnostic_aggregator?

asked 2011-11-07 11:45:35 -0600

mmwise gravatar image

updated 2012-03-14 12:28:31 -0600

joq gravatar image

Please help in writing up a ROS best practice.

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answered 2012-03-13 19:17:25 -0600

mjcarroll gravatar image

updated 2012-03-14 06:27:10 -0600

Executive Summary

Use /diagnostics to publish hardware diagnostics data from every device driver.

Use diagnostics_aggregator to collect and group diagnostics data on any significant system.

Background: /diagnostics

To begin with, it is best practice to set up diagnostics on all robot hardware at a minimum. Most of the drivers included with ROS include some form of diagnostics messages. The ROS diagnostics toolchain is not a computation graph level concept (like parameters, nodes, or topics), but is instead built on top of the /diagnostics topic.

Hardware drivers publish to the /diagnostics topic a diagnostic_msgs/DiagnosticArray message, which contains a header (sequence number, timestamp, and frame_id) and an array of diagnostic_msgs/DiagnosticStatus messages.

The DiagnosticStatus contains:

  • byte level - One of three states (OK, WARN, ERROR), which represents the overall hardware health.
  • string name - The name of the device this DiagnosticStatus represents
  • string hardware_id - A unique hardware identifier, possibly a serial number or UUID
  • diagnostic_msgs/KeyValue[] - An array of key/value pairs used to represent any additional pertinent information about the sensor. (For example "temperature":"35C", "frequency:100Hz", "voltage:24V")

Any node subscribing to this /diagnostics topic will receive the raw diagnostics messages (which can be overwhelming on a large system like the PR2).

To visualize raw diagnostics messages in ROS, you can currently use the runtime_monitor by simply running:

rosrun runtime_monitor montior

More Background: The diagnostic_updater

The diagnostic_updater is not quite relevant to the aggregator, but is an often-overlooked tool. It provides convenience functions for working with the DiagnosticArray messages with your hardware drivers in C++.

With the diagnostic_updater libraries, you can create an object for interacting with DiagnosticArray messgaes, as well as monitoring frequency status, and over/under monitoring for critical values in your hardware device (temperature, voltage, etc).

This was mainly included in this write-up so that no one tries to reinvent what is already written.

The Diagnostic Aggregator

diagnostic_aggregator is a package for aggregating and analyzing diagnostics data.

Assuming that you have a working robotic system publishing raw diagnostic data to /diagnostics, you will see that the raw data accumulates quickly, and becomes cumbersome to actually sort through. For this reason, we use the diagnostic_aggregator. It allows us to group and sort data into namespaces (much like the ROS computational graph). It will also rate-limit the aggregated diagnostics output to ~pub_rate (typically 1 Hz).

From the wiki page, this can transform something like:

Left Wheel
Right Wheel
SICK Frequency
SICK Temperature
SICK Connection Status
Stereo Left Camera
Stereo Right Camera
Stereo Analysis
Stereo Connection Status
Battery 1 Level
Battery 2 Level
Battery 3 Level
Battery 4 Level
Voltage Status

Into something that is more readable, like:

My Robot/Wheels/Left
My Robot/Wheels/Right
My Robot/SICK/Frequency
My Robot/SICK/Temperature
My Robot/SICK/Connection Status
My Robot/Stereo/Left Camera
My Robot/Stereo/Right Camera
My Robot/Stereo/Analysis
My Robot/Stereo/Connection Status
My Robot/Power System/Battery 1 Level
My Robot/Power System/Battery 2 Level
My Robot/Power System/Battery 3 Level
My Robot ...
(more)
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Comments

RFP 107 might be worth being added to the ref to get an overview of ROS' diagnostics concept: http://www.ros.org/reps/rep-0107.html

130s gravatar image130s ( 2012-10-31 14:00:30 -0600 )edit
1
jbohren gravatar imagejbohren ( 2013-07-02 17:04:20 -0600 )edit

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Asked: 2011-11-07 11:45:35 -0600

Seen: 1,307 times

Last updated: Mar 14 '12