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Combine two OccupancyGrids

asked 2013-09-08 20:09:45 -0500

Johannes gravatar image

updated 2013-09-12 00:40:28 -0500

Hello, I would like to combine two Occupancy Grids (one comming from a map_server and one coming from my own node that uses sensor data to crate a map). In a previous posting I was reading about occupnacy_grid_utils and the fuction occupancy_grid_utils::combineGrids which works fine for combining two OccupancyGrids. The only problem I'm facing is that the Origin of the two grids is not the same. On Grid has its origin at Odom, the other at Map. From a localizer I do know the transformation between odom and map, but I do not know how to tell combineGrids(..) to consider this transformation. I thougt about to change the grid->info->origin, but from my subscriber callback I get a constant pointer and I can't change the origin of the grid. What do I have to do so that the grids get aligned to each other.

I think the solution will be trival, but I can't figure it out.

My code looks as follows:

#include <ros/ros.h>
#include <nav_msgs/OccupancyGrid.h>
#include "tf/transform_broadcaster.h"
#include "tf/transform_listener.h"
#include <occupancy_grid_utils/combine_grids.h>

/// This file merges two occupancy grids

nav_msgs::OccupancyGrid::ConstPtr map1;
nav_msgs::OccupancyGrid::ConstPtr map2;
bool newMap1 = false;
bool newMap2 = false;
bool eachMapReceivedOnce = false;

void map1Callback(const nav_msgs::OccupancyGrid::ConstPtr &msg) {
    map1 = msg;
    newMap1 = true;

void map2Callback(const nav_msgs::OccupancyGrid::ConstPtr &msg) {
    map2 = msg;
    newMap2 = true;

int main(int argc, char** argv) {
    ros::init(argc, argv, "mergeMap");

    ros::NodeHandle n;
    ros::Publisher map_pub = n.advertise<nav_msgs::OccupancyGrid>("/map", 10);
    ros::Subscriber map1_sub = n.subscribe("/map_1", 10, map1Callback);
    ros::Subscriber map2_sub = n.subscribe("/map_2", 10, map2Callback);
    tf::TransformListener listener;

    ros::Rate r(5.0);

        if (newMap1 && newMap2) {
            eachMapReceivedOnce = true;

        if(eachMapReceivedOnce && (newMap1 || newMap2)){
            std::vector<nav_msgs::OccupancyGrid::ConstPtr> grids(2);
            nav_msgs::OccupancyGrid::ConstPtr mapOut;

            //TODO, move origin of map to align them

            grids[0] = map1;
            grids[1] = map2;

            mapOut = occupancy_grid_utils::combineGrids(grids, 0.05);

            newMap1 = false;
            newMap2 = false;

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@Johannes Could you save the merged map created on /map topic using map_saver ? Because I could get merged map with one node (map_server - already saved map) and another map through SLAM , I could view in rViz on /map topic but unable to save through map_saver. Any suggestions ? Thanks, Devasena

Devasena Inupakutika gravatar image Devasena Inupakutika  ( 2013-09-10 09:45:47 -0500 )edit

Sorry, I did not try this.

Johannes gravatar image Johannes  ( 2013-09-12 00:38:33 -0500 )edit

3 Answers

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answered 2013-09-09 01:11:16 -0500

Jbot gravatar image


You can try to use this package which combine 2 maps in 1 :

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I'm going to check this, looks quite good. Thx

Johannes gravatar image Johannes  ( 2013-09-09 21:08:12 -0500 )edit

answered 2013-12-04 02:44:45 -0500

yz gravatar image

updated 2013-12-04 02:46:06 -0500


I think a very simple solution is that just assume the relative positions of these two maps are known. For example,

int delta_x = -20, delta_y = 20;

Then you can simply combine the two maps by a few lines of code instead of using:


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Would you happen to know an efficient way to do this?

aravindp gravatar image aravindp  ( 2016-09-29 17:49:21 -0500 )edit

answered 2014-02-08 18:22:34 -0500

You can use costmap_node from costmap_2d package. This node recieve a static map (published by map_server) and allows sensor data to create the occupancy grid (Laser or PointCloud).

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Asked: 2013-09-08 20:09:45 -0500

Seen: 2,434 times

Last updated: Feb 08 '14