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RViz writes to incorrect directory when starting using robot_startup

asked 2021-06-08 00:18:26 -0600

James NT gravatar image

updated 2021-06-09 06:47:40 -0600


I have an application that requires that I start several RViz windows in a headless ROS environment. The system is required to send image files to some locally networked dumb terminals which can barely but adequately show image files (.jpg). Therefore, I simply take screen snapshots of the RViz displays and send those. This works well, however, I need to run the RViz windows on startup.


The ROS noetic system is running on Ubuntu 20.04. I used robot_upstart to give me a working skeleton for a systemd service and then modified the core service file to allow display_manager access

This is my working system.d service file called 'test.service' in /lib/systemd/system

Description="bringup test"

Environment="/home/<my_username>"    # THIS IS THE SOLUTION SOUGHT BY THIS QUESTION


This almost works. journalctl -f -u test.service lists an error:

Jun 06 21:10:22 aoede test-start[10209]: /opt/ros/noetic/lib/rviz/rviz: line 1: 10220 Aborted                 (core dumped) $0 $@
Jun 06 21:10:25 aoede dbus-daemon[10259]: [session uid=1000 pid=10257] AppArmor D-Bus mediation is enabled
Jun 06 21:10:28 aoede test-start[10237]: terminate called after throwing an instance of 'boost::filesystem::filesystem_error'
Jun 06 21:10:28 aoede test-start[10237]:   what():  boost::filesystem::create_directory: Permission denied: "/.rviz"
Jun 06 21:10:28 aoede test-start[10218]: Aborted (core dumped)

It is trying to write to a directory /.rviz . When I create this directory myself off the root directory with relaxed permissions it then works correctly and the RViz windows all start. This directory seems to be filled with persistence files for the RViz instances.

I have tried setting XDG_RUNTIME_DIR as above but it had no effect. What environment variable should I set, or other way, so that RViz is looking in a more rational place? Also, would appreciate any recommendations on better practices than above.

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answered 2021-06-09 06:20:14 -0600

James NT gravatar image

updated 2021-06-09 06:43:50 -0600

This is set in the VisualizationFrame::initConfigs()

void VisualizationFrame::initConfigs()
   home_dir_ = QDir::toNativeSeparators(QDir::homePath()).toStdString();

   config_dir_ = (fs::path(home_dir_) / ".rviz").string();
   persistent_settings_file_ = (fs::path(config_dir_) / "persistent_settings").string();
   default_display_config_file_ = (fs::path(config_dir_) / "default." CONFIG_EXTENSION).string();

With the config_dir in this cas ending up as ".rviz" because home_dir is null. home_dir is derived from QDir::homePath() documented here:

This includes the helpful statement:

Under non-Windows operating systems the HOME environment variable is used if it exists, otherwise the path returned by the rootPath().

Which is the answer sought. Without HOME being set QDir::rootPath() will return "/". This environment variable is set after the service is started.

Added environment


to system.d service file


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I would've expected packages like robot_upstart (which also supports systemd) to do this already.

Could you not use those?

gvdhoorn gravatar image gvdhoorn  ( 2021-06-09 07:40:43 -0600 )edit

I did use robot_upstart to create the systemd service files skeleton that I then expanded. The robot_upstart implementation I used (command line) failed with an RViz node because it could not get a graphics context. Hence the additional service entries.

This was my robot_upstart install request which provided the skeleton I used:

rosrun robot_upstart install --job test --user <my_username> --setup ~/catkin_ws/devel/setup.bash --rosdistro noetic --logdir ~/catkin_ws/.ros --provider systemd --symlink <my_package>/launch/test_start.launch

The systemd entries provided by this successfully started all nodes in my launch file except RViz's

James NT gravatar image James NT  ( 2021-06-10 05:53:34 -0600 )edit

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Asked: 2021-06-08 00:18:26 -0600

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Last updated: Jun 09 '21