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ROS Service in C++ not being built

asked 2019-08-28 03:59:51 -0500

BV_Pradeep gravatar image

Hi All,

I am using ROS Kinetic on ubuntu 16.04. I am trying to write a c++ service to send some multi array data on request from the client from server I wrote the following code for that in c++

service definition file : RequestWaypoints.srv

int64multiarray waypoints


#include "ros/ros.h"
#include "visualize_waypoints/RequestWaypoints.h"

float waypoints[9][3] = {
              {-6.922, 12.437,-1.315},
              {3.067, -17.730, -1.315},
              {3.067, -17.730, -2.956},
              {-1.645, -19.531,-2.956},
              {-1.645, -19.531,1.892},
              {-12.163, 10.458,1.892},
              {-12.163, 10.458,0.351},
              {-6.922, 12.437,0.351},
              {-6.922, 12.437,-1.315}

bool send_waypoints(visualize_waypoints::RequestWaypoints::Request  &req,
         visualize_waypoints::RequestWaypoints::Response &res)
  res.waypoints = waypoints;
  return true;

int main(int argc, char **argv)
  ros::init(argc, argv, "RequestWaypoints_server");
  ros::NodeHandle n;

  ros::ServiceServer service = n.advertiseService("RequestWaypoints", send_waypoints);
  ROS_INFO("Waypoints were sent.");

  return 0;


#include "ros/ros.h"
#include "visualize_waypoints/RequestWaypoints.h"
#include <cstdlib>

int main(int argc, char **argv)
  ros::init(argc, argv, "visualize_waypoints_client");

  ros::NodeHandle n;
  ros::ServiceClient client = n.serviceClient<beginner_tutorials::AddTwoInts>("add_two_ints");

  visualize_waypoints::RequestWaypoints srv;
  waypoints =
  ROS_INFO("Received Waypoints are : %f", (float)srv.response.waypoints);
  return 0;

I added following lines of code in Package.xml




I added following code in cmakelist.txt file

find_package(catkin REQUIRED COMPONENTS


add_executable(RequestWaypoints_server src/scripts/RequestWaypoints_server.cpp)
target_link_libraries(RequestWaypoints_server ${catkin_LIBRARIES})
add_dependencies(RequestWaypoints_server RequestWaypoints_gencpp)

add_executable(RequestWaypoints_client src/scripts/RequestWaypoints_client.cpp)
target_link_libraries(RequestWaypoints_client ${catkin_LIBRARIES})
add_dependencies(RequestWaypoints_client RequestWaypoints_gencpp)

Once I run catkin_make I get following error

Base path: /home/rnd424/ros_ws
Source space: /home/rnd424/ros_ws/src
Build space: /home/rnd424/ros_ws/build
Devel space: /home/rnd424/ros_ws/devel
Install space: /home/rnd424/ros_ws/install
#### Running command: "make cmake_check_build_system" in "/home/rnd424/ros_ws/build"
-- Using CATKIN_DEVEL_PREFIX: /home/rnd424/ros_ws/devel
-- Using CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH: /home/rnd424/ros_ws/devel;/opt/ros/kinetic
-- This workspace overlays: /home/rnd424/ros_ws/devel;/opt/ros/kinetic
-- Using PYTHON_EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/python
-- Using Debian Python package layout
-- Using empy: /usr/bin/empy
-- Call enable_testing()
-- Using CATKIN_TEST_RESULTS_DIR: /home/rnd424/ros_ws/build/test_results
-- Found gmock sources under '/usr/src/gmock': gmock will be built
-- Found gtest sources under '/usr/src/gmock': gtests will be built
-- Using Python nosetests: /usr/bin/nosetests-2.7
-- catkin 0.7.18
-- Using CATKIN_WHITELIST_PACKAGES: visualize_waypoints
-- ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-- ~~  traversing 1 packages in topological order:
-- ~~  - visualize_waypoints
-- ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-- +++ processing catkin package: 'visualize_waypoints'
-- ==> add_subdirectory(visualize_waypoints)
-- Using these message generators: gencpp;geneus;genlisp;gennodejs;genpy
/opt/ros/kinetic/share/genmsg/cmake/pkg-genmsg.cmake.em:56: error: <class 'genmsg.base.InvalidMsgSpec'>: Invalid declaration: int64multiarray
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/bin/empy", line 3302, in <module>
    if __name__ == '__main__': main()
  File "/usr/bin/empy", line 3300, in main
    invoke(sys ...
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having same issue here. the c++ source file is unable to include the ros service message :/

Haresh Miriyala gravatar image Haresh Miriyala  ( 2020-06-24 14:55:27 -0500 )edit

I guess there is an issue with either your includes, how you set up your dependencies or your service file. Please open a new question and provide the relevant details. Thanks.

mgruhler gravatar image mgruhler  ( 2020-06-25 07:19:34 -0500 )edit

1 Answer

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answered 2019-08-28 04:04:32 -0500

mgruhler gravatar image

The relevant error message is:

Invalid declaration: int64multiarray

I.e., the service definition is wrong. It needs to be

Int64MultiArray waypoints

Note the case of the letters. This is case sensitive! See the std_msgs type definition for Int64MultiArray for reference.

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Hi mgruhler,

I changed the imt64MultiAraay to int64[] I get the following error

CMake Error at visualize_waypoints/CMakeLists.txt:159 (add_executable):
  Cannot find source file:

  Tried extensions .c .C .c++ .cc .cpp .cxx .m .M .mm .h .hh .h++ .hm .hpp
  .hxx .in .txx

CMake Error at visualize_waypoints/CMakeLists.txt:155 (add_executable):
  Cannot find source file:

  Tried extensions .c .C .c++ .cc .cpp .cxx .m .M .mm .h .hh .h++ .hm .hpp
  .hxx .in .txx
CMake Error: CMake can not determine linker language for target: RequestWaypoints_client
CMake Error: Cannot determine link language for target "RequestWaypoints_client".
CMake Error: CMake can not determine linker language for target: RequestWaypoints_server
CMake Error: Cannot determine link language for target "RequestWaypoints_server"

How to resolve this issue ?

BV_Pradeep gravatar image BV_Pradeep  ( 2019-08-28 05:16:33 -0500 )edit

This is another totally unrelated issue. You probably have specified a path in your CMakeLists.txt that doesn't exist. The error points to src/RequestWaypoints_client/server.cpp, whereas theCMakeLists.txtyou posted above had a (in my opinion unnecessary)scripts` subdirectory between.

In general, for a specific question like the above, if this is solved, please mark the appropriate answer as correct by clicking on the checkmark next to the answer and open a new question with any follow-up questions that don't relate directly to the first one.

If follow-up questions relate to the original issue, please edit your question instead of only commenting with follow-up stuff.

mgruhler gravatar image mgruhler  ( 2019-08-28 05:31:18 -0500 )edit

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Asked: 2019-08-28 03:59:51 -0500

Seen: 925 times

Last updated: Jun 24 '20