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Problems integrating OpenCV with ROS Indigo

asked 2016-01-19 15:43:45 -0500

Raiden gravatar image

updated 2016-01-19 15:53:17 -0500

I am trying to build a simple program to start working with OpenCV with ROS Indigo; however, whenever I try to build the code (catkin_make) the build fails and returns " undefined reference to 'cv::imread(cv::String const&, int)' " and so on for all the other OpenCV functions. This makes it impossible for me to build and run my test program for ROS and I'm at a loss for how to continue. I've quoted the program and CMakeLists.txt below.

OpenCV 3.1 is installed and has been successfully compiled using g++ in the terminal. The OS is LinuxMint 17.3

Program imgloader.cpp:

#include <ros/ros.h>
#include <cv_bridge/cv_bridge.h>
#include <opencv2/imgproc/imgproc.hpp>
#include <opencv2/highgui/highgui.hpp>
#include <opencv2/core/core.hpp>
#include <opencv2/opencv.hpp>
#include <iostream>

using namespace cv; using namespace std;

int main(int argc, const char** argv){  
Mat img = imread("img.jpeg", CV_LOAD_IMAGE_UNCHANGED);
       cout << "Image cannot be found or opened..." << endl;
       return -1;
namedWindow("MyWindow", CV_WINDOW_AUTOSIZE);
imshow("MyWindow", img);
return 0;

The following has been added to the CMakeLists.txt file for the package "opencvtest"

find_package(OpenCV REQUIRED) 
include_directories(include ${catkin_INCLUDE_DIRS} ${OpenCV_INCLUDE_DIRS}) 
add_executable(imgloader src/imgloader.cpp)
target_link_libraries(imgloader ${catkin_LIBRARIES} ${OpenCV_LIBRARIES}) 
add_dependencies(imgloader opencvtest)

And the following dependency has been added:


What do I need to add or do to make my package build?

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Please use the "Preformatted Text" button (marked "101010") to format your code sample so that it is readable.

ahendrix gravatar image ahendrix  ( 2016-01-19 15:46:37 -0500 )edit

First post, it's been edited now.

Raiden gravatar image Raiden  ( 2016-01-19 15:49:56 -0500 )edit

1 Answer

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answered 2016-01-19 16:08:39 -0500

lucasw gravatar image

updated 2016-01-19 16:14:11 -0500

If you really want opencv 3 see

Otherwise uninstall your opencv 3 and use which comes with opencv 2.4- it probably is already on your system. Just have build/run_depends on cv_bridge and catkin will bring in the headers and libraries, you won't need a find_package for opencv.

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If you use OpenCV directly, you should directly find_pacakge() it. Do not rely on transitive dependencies; the upstream package may change.

ahendrix gravatar image ahendrix  ( 2016-01-19 16:23:04 -0500 )edit

I uninstalled my OpenCV 3 and ran catkin_make afterwards (I did not change any of the code/dependencies). The code built and ran. Thank you for your answer.

Raiden gravatar image Raiden  ( 2016-01-19 16:23:58 -0500 )edit

cv_bridge package.xml has <build_depend>libopencv-dev</build_depend> - and a few other image processing packages use it, so that could be used without transitivity and without a find_package.

lucasw gravatar image lucasw  ( 2016-01-19 16:26:35 -0500 )edit

I just said that relying on the dependency through cv_bridge is not a good idea. If your package uses a library, you should depend on it directly. (just because it works another way doesn't make it a good idea).

ahendrix gravatar image ahendrix  ( 2016-01-19 16:30:58 -0500 )edit

Looking through the rosdep database, it looks like a <build_depend> on opencv2 is deprecated or wrong. The dependency in the package.xml should be <build_depend>libopencv-dev</build_depend> .

ahendrix gravatar image ahendrix  ( 2016-01-19 16:38:56 -0500 )edit

According to cv_bridge is the the right dependency, though doesn't really back that up.

lucasw gravatar image lucasw  ( 2016-01-19 17:05:15 -0500 )edit

Hrm... yeah. It looks like the dependency through cv_bridge is the only option that is backwards-compatible with Hydro.

ahendrix gravatar image ahendrix  ( 2016-01-19 17:52:19 -0500 )edit

Yes, I remember having to do that to maintain common source between Hydro and Indigo.

joq gravatar image joq  ( 2016-01-19 21:13:33 -0500 )edit

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Asked: 2016-01-19 15:38:24 -0500

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Last updated: Jan 19 '16