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error: reference to ‘_1’ is ambiguous

asked 2021-05-29 14:09:24 -0600

dinesh gravatar image

updated 2021-05-29 14:10:20 -0600

I'm trying to use the pcl_conversion functions in my ros2 subscriber node. Here is my code:


#include "rclcpp/rclcpp.hpp"
#include "sensor_msgs/msg/point_cloud2.hpp"

#include "pcl_conversions/pcl_conversions.h"

using std::placeholders::_1;

class RobotVisioin : public rclcpp::Node
    RobotVisioin() : Node("robot_vision")
      subscription_ = this->create_subscription<sensor_msgs::msg::PointCloud2>(
      "/camera/depth/color/points", 10, std::bind(&RobotVisioin::topic_callback, this, _1));

    void topic_callback(const sensor_msgs::msg::PointCloud2::SharedPtr msg) const
      RCLCPP_INFO(this->get_logger(), "I heard: '%s'", msg->data);

    rclcpp::Subscription<sensor_msgs::msg::PointCloud2>::SharedPtr subscription_;

int main(int argc, char * argv[])
  rclcpp::init(argc, argv);
  return 0;

But i'm getting below error:

/home/ubuntu/turtlebot/src/robot_vision_cpp/src/robot_vision.cpp: In constructor ‘RobotVisioin::RobotVisioin()’:
/home/ubuntu/turtlebot/src/robot_vision_cpp/src/robot_vision.cpp:17:88: error: reference to ‘_1’ is ambiguous
   17 |       "/camera/depth/color/points", 10, std::bind(&RobotVisioin::topic_callback, this, _1));
      |                                                                                        ^~
In file included from /usr/include/boost/bind/bind.hpp:2356,
                 from /usr/include/boost/bind.hpp:22,
                 from /usr/include/boost/signals2/slot.hpp:15,
                 from /usr/include/boost/signals2/connection.hpp:24,
                 from /usr/include/boost/signals2/signal.hpp:22,
                 from /usr/include/boost/signals2.hpp:19,
                 from /usr/include/pcl-1.10/pcl/io/boost.h:64,
                 from /usr/include/pcl-1.10/pcl/io/file_io.h:42,
                 from /usr/include/pcl-1.10/pcl/io/pcd_io.h:44,
                 from /opt/ros/foxy/include/pcl_conversions/pcl_conversions.h:72,
                 from /home/ubuntu/turtlebot/src/robot_vision_cpp/src/robot_vision.cpp:6:
/usr/include/boost/bind/placeholders.hpp:46:38: note: candidates are: ‘constexpr const boost::arg<1> boost::placeholders::_1’
   46 | BOOST_STATIC_CONSTEXPR boost::arg<1> _1;
      |                                      ^~
In file included from /opt/ros/foxy/include/rclcpp/context.hpp:19,
                 from /opt/ros/foxy/include/rclcpp/contexts/default_context.hpp:18,
                 from /opt/ros/foxy/include/rclcpp/executor.hpp:32,
                 from /opt/ros/foxy/include/rclcpp/executors/multi_threaded_executor.hpp:25,
                 from /opt/ros/foxy/include/rclcpp/executors.hpp:21,
                 from /opt/ros/foxy/include/rclcpp/rclcpp.hpp:146,
                 from /home/ubuntu/turtlebot/src/robot_vision_cpp/src/robot_vision.cpp:3:
/usr/include/c++/9/functional:211:34: note:                 ‘const std::_Placeholder<1> std::placeholders::_1’
  211 |     extern const _Placeholder<1> _1;
      |                                  ^~
make[2]: *** [CMakeFiles/robot_vision_cpp.dir/build.make:63: CMakeFiles/robot_vision_cpp.dir/src/robot_vision.cpp.o] Error 1
make[1]: *** [CMakeFiles/Makefile2:78: CMakeFiles/robot_vision_cpp.dir/all] Error 2
make: *** [Makefile:141: all] Error 2

Environment: ros2 foxy, ubuntu 20.

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2 Answers

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answered 2021-06-01 09:39:56 -0600

jschornak gravatar image

You need to move #define BOOST_BIND_NO_PLACEHOLDERS to before your #include statements.

When you include a header from a library that links against Boost (such as PCL), it checks to see if a BOOST_BIND_NO_PLACEHOLDERS macro exists. There is a condition in one of the Boost header files that optionally brings in Boost's placeholder types if this macro wasn't found. However, to disable this condition you need to define the macro before including any headers that bring in Boost headers.

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answered 2021-06-01 11:19:25 -0600

sgvandijk gravatar image

@jschornak gave the right solution for your specific issue, but I just wanted to add another suggestion that would prevent this: use lambdas instead of std::bind (or boost::bind). With that your subscription would look like:

subscription_ = this->create_subscription<sensor_msgs::msg::PointCloud2>(
  [this](sensor_msgs::msg::PointCloud2::SharedPtr msg) { topic_callback(msg); }

Actually for small callbacks that allows you to implement the logic right there in place without the need of creating a separate method and pass pointers to it around:

subscription_ = this->create_subscription<sensor_msgs::msg::PointCloud2>(
  [this](sensor_msgs::msg::PointCloud2::SharedPtr msg) {
    RCLCPP_INFO(this->get_logger(), "I heard: '%s'", msg->data);
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Asked: 2021-05-29 14:09:24 -0600

Seen: 2,329 times

Last updated: Jun 01 '21