Which ROS controller to achieve 'teachmode'?

asked 2020-11-20 08:36:45 -0600

crnewton gravatar image

updated 2020-11-24 07:44:18 -0600

Hi I'm using ROS Kinetic to control the Elfin 6 DOF robot arm, and am looking into the options to achieve 'teachmode' with ROS. With 'teachmode' I mean this , also known as: freedrive, backdrive, compliance, zero-force.

Which ROS controller?

It's not clear to me which controller is suitable (or that I need to write a controller from scratch myself), I couldn't find any code examples how teachmode can be achieved. I found the following control options, but it's not clear how to use them for teachmode, and which one is suited:

Implementation

the robot I use (Elfin) has torque sensors in each joint, and I can read the effort of all joints on /joint_states. It also comes with different hardwareinterfaces I started by implementing a gravity compensation controller in gazebo,based on this. This is implemented, but needs commands to move. do I need to use the joint effort to calculate joint position/effort/velocity commands?

I hope someone can clearify the different ros controllers, and how to achieve teachmode. If there are any relevant topics/github please let me know :).

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Comments

I couldn't find any code examples how teachmode can be achieved

that doesn't really surprise me, as it's functionality which is typically marketed under that name, but is not really a widely recognised control approach or scheme.

You may be able to implement this using fzi-forschungszentrum-informatik/cartesian_controllers. I'm only a software engineer, so I may be misunderstanding you, but if you provide the inverse force and/or torque from an F/T sensor at the flange, you should end up with following behaviour.

Whether or not you'll achieve sufficient / satisfactory performance though I can't say.

gvdhoorn gravatar image gvdhoorn  ( 2020-11-20 08:48:58 -0600 )edit

Thank you. I'll have a look! Yeah that's exactly my problem, teachmode is just a name, that's why I'm looking for a controller with 'teachmode' functionality.

crnewton gravatar image crnewton  ( 2020-11-20 08:59:04 -0600 )edit

Sometimes they use endeffector force torque sensors (as a kind of "joystick") to command any kind of controller via a kinematic model. What I see in the video might be triggering control motion by "torque spike or overtorque and follow" approach. Identifying a torque spike (push) and by some simple algorithm equalize out the "overtorque" by commanding motion on relevant joints.

I dont thing you need a joint effort controller (position control is simpler to gravity compensate), you need force feedback and use its data to command the joints via position/velocity controller. In the end this command node only is useful for "teaching" so I dont see it as a controller its more of a comand input type node, like teleop etc.

Dragonslayer gravatar image Dragonslayer  ( 2020-11-23 08:13:20 -0600 )edit

Thank you for your reply. Yeah, they mostly use external tf_sensor. I can follow your approach, and sounds logical. I can read the torque (/joint_states), and see spikes when pushing the robot. Don't know if the algorithm is 'simple', but I'll give it a try and let you know :D.

crnewton gravatar image crnewton  ( 2020-11-23 09:13:03 -0600 )edit

"simple" well, if you have position control, gravity compensation is somewhat "non existent". So if someone pushes the joint it spikes (torque) and when stopping there should be a negative spike as well. Command in direction of first spike, stop at position at negative spike/step. With two hands guiding at the right spot you get differential spikes which let you distinguish which joint is to be moved. As you can see in most demonstrations, they use two hands, to not "trigger"the wrong joint, as to move joint 1 not 4 and they use very consistent speed and relative "abrupt" stopping of movement. There is really the question how useful this functionality is in reality and how much is just for show. Really only relevant for collision detection in an application? The "endeffector joystick" approach in my opinion is the much more usable approach for programming by demonstration. Look ...(more)

Dragonslayer gravatar image Dragonslayer  ( 2020-11-23 09:55:04 -0600 )edit

Just stumbled over exactly what you are looking for IROS 2020 - series Most interesting for you likely starting at part 4or5.

Dragonslayer gravatar image Dragonslayer  ( 2020-11-23 15:38:45 -0600 )edit

The difficulty is that robot movement also causes spikes in torque so I need to filter those out. this functionality is usefull for us because we use the robot in a small workspace and the products it handles can have defects which will cause collision. Moving the robot manually makes it alot easier to put the robot in a safe position.

crnewton gravatar image crnewton  ( 2020-11-24 01:20:25 -0600 )edit

@crnewton: does your robot not support this natively? My first approach would be to integrate functionality which is provided by the OEM. More scalable, less maintenance and probably more performant.

Only as a last resort would I try to implement it myself.

gvdhoorn gravatar image gvdhoorn  ( 2020-11-24 02:14:24 -0600 )edit