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How to synchronise multiple topic subscriptions

asked 2015-07-23 21:06:39 -0600

Roboticist gravatar image

updated 2015-07-24 03:26:38 -0600

Question: What is the efficient and equivalent implementation of OROCOS read in ROS, when subscribing to multiple (different rate) data sources?

Problem definition: Consider a case when we have two data sources: 1) publishing at higher rate (e.g 250Hz); 2) publishing at lower rate (e.g 10Hz). I have been trying to compare ros and orocos outputs by recording higher rate data at lower rate. When recorded in rosbag, there are instances when the data is not recorded at the correct sample time (or missed by one sample). I believe that the problem lies in my in-efficient implementation in ROS. I acknowledge that there may be a mistake in my implementation. Please see the explanation below.

Explanation: In orocos, assuming a sequential activity and the event port is set at the higher rate, the update is given by:

     if (,false) == RTT::NewData) // If there is a new data @250Hz
        if (,false) == RTT::NewData) // If there is a new data @10Hz
            highRateOutput.write(highRateData); // write to the output port @10Hz

In ROS, the same can be achieved as follows:

void Node::HighRateCallback(const Node::HighRateConstPtr& highRateData) // Event at highRate callback
    // copy  high rate data
    data::HighRate high;
    high.timeStamp = highRateData->timeStamp;
    high.x = highRateData->x;
    high.y = highRateData->y;
    high.z = highRateData->z;

    data::LowRate low;
    low = lastLowRateData; // copy low rate data 
    Update(high, low); // call update hook 

void Node::LowRateCallback(const Node::LowRateConstPtr& lowRateData)
    data::LowRate res;
    res.timeStamp = lowRateData->timeStamp;
    res.x = lowRateData->x;
    res.y = lowRateData->y;
    res.z = lowRateData->z;
    lastLowRateData = res;

void Node::Update(data::HighRate& highD, data::LowRate& lowD)
    currentTime = lowD.timeStamp; 
    if (currentTime > lastTime)
    lastTime = currentTime;
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answered 2015-07-24 02:22:50 -0600

gvdhoorn gravatar image

If I understand you and the code snippet correctly, you are essentially looking for a way to process messages that arrive at different frequencies in a synchronised way. The Orocos code snippet shows a major difference between ROS and Orocos: ROS is purely callback based and there is no real support for something like polled topics, which is essentially what read(..) is giving you in Orocos (see REP-106 for a proposal for this functionality that didn't make it).

Without knowing more about your use case (and thus constraints), an alternative to your manual implementation might be to use the message_filters package. Perhaps the Policy-Based Synchronizers could be used. That should result in a single callback for each synchronised <LowRate, HighRate> msg pair.

The inverse (ie: re-publish LowRate at HighRate frequency), would be what you already have in Node::Update(..), but without checking for the delta T.

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Thank gvdhoorn. Yes, I am actually looking support for polled topics in ROS and the reason I am looking for this is to have low-level code within one package (without using rtt-ros). I think the suggestion of using message_filters is really useful and I will going to look at it again. Regard

Roboticist gravatar image Roboticist  ( 2015-07-24 03:01:35 -0600 )edit

No problem. Might I suggest changing your question title to something like "Polled topic support in ROS?" or "How to synchronise multiple topic subscriptions" to better reflect what you want to do?

gvdhoorn gravatar image gvdhoorn  ( 2015-07-24 03:06:58 -0600 )edit

Good suggestion. Thanks.

Roboticist gravatar image Roboticist  ( 2015-07-24 03:26:58 -0600 )edit

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Asked: 2015-07-23 21:06:39 -0600

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Last updated: Jul 24 '15