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nav2d autonomouse exploration

asked 2015-05-13 18:37:48 -0600

sobot gravatar image

updated 2015-05-20 15:13:57 -0600


I installed and tried nav2d navigation package exploration feature, with a real robot setup (kobuki base, urg-04lx) as per ros wiki instructions. i modified the tutorial3 launch and param files, as shown below (just copied the launch file and .yaml files into my catkin workspace so i can edit them). I received a map and other topics in RVIZ. since i dont have a joy stick i used rosservice call /StartMapping 3 and rosservice call /StartExploration 2 as per tutorials instructions i got nothing but a "response: 0" on my terminal window.



<!-- Some general parameters -->
<param name="use_sim_time" value="false" />
<rosparam file="$(find navigation)/param/ros.yaml"/>

<!-- Start Stage simulator with a given environment
<node name="Stage" pkg="stage_ros" type="stageros" args="$(find nav2d_tutorials)/world/">
    <param name="base_watchdog_timeout" value="0" />
</node> -->

<!-- Start the Operator to control the simulated robot -->
<node name="Operator" pkg="nav2d_operator" type="operator" >
    <remap from="scan" to="base_scan"/>
    <rosparam file="$(find navigation)/param/operator.yaml"/>
    <rosparam file="$(find navigation)/param/costmap.yaml" ns="local_map" />

<!-- Start Mapper to genreate map from laser scans -->
<node name="Mapper" pkg="nav2d_karto" type="mapper">
    <remap from="scan" to="base_scan"/>
    <rosparam file="$(find navigation)/param/mapper.yaml"/>

<!-- Start the Navigator to move the robot autonomously -->
<node name="Navigator" pkg="nav2d_navigator" type="navigator">
    <rosparam file="$(find navigation)/param/navigator.yaml"/>
            <!-- <remap from="/cmd_vel" to="/mobile_base/commands/velocity" /> -->

<node name="GetMap" pkg="nav2d_navigator" type="get_map_client" />
<node name="Explore" pkg="nav2d_navigator" type="explore_client" />
<node name="SetGoal" pkg="nav2d_navigator" type="set_goal_client" />

<!-- Start particle filter to track the robot's position 
<node name="SelfLocalizer" pkg="nav2d_localizer" type="localizer">
    <remap from="scan" to="base_scan"/>
    <param name="min_particles" type="int" value="5000"/>
    <param name="max_particles" type="int" value="20000"/>
</node> -->

<!-- Start the joystick-driver and remote-controller for operation
<node name="Joystick" pkg="joy" type="joy_node" />
<node name="Remote" pkg="nav2d_remote" type="remote_joy" /> -->

<!-- RVIZ to view the visualization -->
<node name="RVIZ" pkg="rviz" type="rviz" args=" -d $(find nav2d_tutorials)/param/tutorial3.rviz" />


when i tried to launch the SelfLocalizer in my launch file, it gave me an error saying: ERROR: cannot launch node of type [nav2d_localizer/localizer]: can't locate node [localizer] in package [nav2d_localizer]

Another issue, i tried to remap /cmd_vel to kobuki's velocity topic but i received an error, [MD5] topic format mismatch.

any help, suggestions are greately appreciated. Param files (.yaml) are also available.


Here is the rqt_dot file to download.





it also takes like 20 seconds or so before the topics in RVIZ receive information and go green.

UPDATE 2: Parameters list: PARAMETERS

 * /Mapper/LoopSearchMaximumDistance: 10.0
 * /Mapper/MinimumTravelDistance: 1.0
 * /Mapper/MinimumTravelHeading: 0.52
 * /Mapper/grid_resolution: 0.05
 * /Mapper/map_update_rate: 5
 * /Mapper/max_covariance: 0.01
 * /Mapper/max_particles: 10000
 * /Mapper/min_map_size: 20
 * /Mapper/min_particles: 2500
 * /Mapper/publish_pose_graph: True
 * /Mapper/range_threshold: 4.0
 * /Mapper/transform_publish_period: 0.1
 * /Navigator/exploration_goal_distance: 0.5
 * /Navigator/map_inflation_radius: 0.25
 * /Navigator/min_target_area_size: 1.0
 * /Navigator/navigation_goal_angle: 1.0
 * /Navigator/navigation_goal_distance: 0.5
 * /Navigator/navigation_homing_distance: 0.5
 * /Navigator/robot_radius: 0 ...
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@sobot Please add a picture from "rqt_graph" and the dot-export result from "rosrun tf view_frames". These are usually the best starting point to search for problems in your setup.

Sebastian Kasperski gravatar imageSebastian Kasperski ( 2015-05-15 03:01:40 -0600 )edit

@Sebastian Kasperski really appreciate it, i updated the question with the info that you asked.

sobot gravatar imagesobot ( 2015-05-15 13:03:24 -0600 )edit

The transformations look fine, but in your ROS-Graph you see that the Operator in not connected to "base_scan". As the remapping is correct, it probably doesn't get to the point where the Costmap is initialized. Does it give any warnings or errors during start?

Sebastian Kasperski gravatar imageSebastian Kasperski ( 2015-05-17 05:08:32 -0600 )edit

@Sebastian Kasperski i only can get 2 errors in different start up setups: (1. when i try to remap /cmd_vel to topic of my robot. (it says content is mismatch, MD5 xxx) (2. when i include SelfLocalizer in the launch file, its says the node can not be found int the package folder.

sobot gravatar imagesobot ( 2015-05-17 08:27:32 -0600 )edit

@sobot: 1) Please do a "rostopic type" on your robots cmd-topic. If its not geometry_msgs/Twist, you have to do a conversion. 2) Have you build the package from source or installed the binary packages?

Sebastian Kasperski gravatar imageSebastian Kasperski ( 2015-05-18 01:59:49 -0600 )edit

@Sebastian Kasperski the topic is /mobile_base/commands/velocity and rostopic shows that type is geometry_msgs/Twist. tried to remap that topic to /cmd_vel and got the MD5 error. I installed the pkg from the binary as per in the ros-wiki instructions using apt-get install.

sobot gravatar imagesobot ( 2015-05-18 11:09:01 -0600 )edit

@sobot: This is really strange. Do you have different ROS-Versions on your machine? Or does any of your packages bring an own version of "geometry_msgs"? Before you start your launch file, do a "roscd geometry_msgs" and check where it takes you.

Sebastian Kasperski gravatar imageSebastian Kasperski ( 2015-05-19 02:37:46 -0600 )edit

My machine's config is: native "Ubuntu 14,04" with ROS Indigo (full desktop). i just use this 1 machine, and it runs my robot. roscd takes me to /opt/ros/indigo/share/geometry_msgs$ yes it looks very strange. i thought it should be pretty straightforward. other packages work Ok.

sobot gravatar imagesobot ( 2015-05-19 13:19:15 -0600 )edit

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answered 2015-05-22 03:30:57 -0600

Sebastian Kasperski gravatar image

The operator is not connected to the laser scanner. It needs it to update the local costmap for obstacle avoidance. In your costmap.yaml, the observation_source is defined incorrectly. Should be: "observation_sources: scan". You should visualize the costmap in RVIZ to see if the local costmap (not the global map from the mapper) is built correctly.

Before you start any navigation task (setting a goal via RVIZ or explore) you should move the robot a bit forward, (with a joystick or by calling "rosservice call /StartMapping 3")

In your mapper.yaml you have "range_threshold: 4.0". This is VERY little for a Hokuyo-Scanner! This is the reason your global map is so small and has a lot of holes in it. Use at least 10 meter. (Hokuyo can easily go up to 30 meter)

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Changed observation_sources and ran a quick test and it worked...! my Hokuyo scanner is URG-04LX-UG01 and according to its data sheet Max range is 4m , so the only way to increase maps size is to increase the range_threshold? You are awesome! thanks for your time, really appreciate it..!

sobot gravatar imagesobot ( 2015-05-22 04:40:20 -0600 )edit

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Asked: 2015-05-13 18:37:48 -0600

Seen: 1,211 times

Last updated: May 22 '15